Mobility - Activity 2: Moving around
Activity 2 considers a claimant’s physical ability to move around without severe discomfort, such as breathlessness, pain or fatigue. This includes the ability to stand and then move up to 20 metres, up to 50 metres, up to 200 metres and over 200 metres. As with all the other activities, a claimant is to be assessed as satisfying a descriptor only if they can do so reliably.
The descriptors for Activity 2 are -
- Can stand and then move more than 200 metres, either aided or unaided. 0 points
- Can stand and then move more than 50 metres but no more than 200 metres, either aided or unaided. 4 points
- Can stand and then move unaided more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres. 8 points
- Can stand and then move using an aid or appliance more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres. 10 points
- Can stand and then move more than 1 metre but no more than 20 metres, either aided or unaided. 12 points
- Cannot, either aided or unaided - (i) stand; or (ii) move more than 1 metre. 12 points
NB - in Scotland, adult disability payment is replacing personal independence payment and the descriptors are found in Part 3 of Schedule 1 to the Disability Assistance for Working Age People (Scotland) Regulations 2022 (SSI.No.54/2022).
Terms used in the PIP descriptors are defined in regulations and, in relation to Activity 2, are -
- "aided" means with - (a) the use of an aid or appliance; or (b) supervision, prompting or assistance;
- "aid or appliance" - (a) means any device which improves, provides or replaces C's impaired physical or mental function; and (b) includes a prosthesis;
- "assistance" means physical intervention by another person and does not include speech;
- "prompting" means reminding, encouraging or explaining by another person;
- "stand" means stand upright with at least one biological foot on the ground;
- "supervision" means the continuous presence of another person for the purpose of ensuring C’s safety;
- "unaided" means without - (a) the use of an aid or appliance; or (b) supervision, prompting or assistance.
Source: Regulation 2 of and Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Social Security (Personal Independence Payment) Regulations 2013 (SI.No.377/2013), and regulation 2 of and Part 1 of Schedule 1 to SR.No.217/2016 in Northern Ireland.
See also DWP guidance on the 'moving around' activity in section 2.4 of the Personal Independence Payment assessment guide for assessment providers.
NB - in Scotland, adult disability payment is replacing personal independence payment and the definitions are found in regulation 2 of and Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Disability Assistance for Working Age People (Scotland) Regulations 2022 (SSI.No.54/2022). See also Social Security Scotland guidance in Mobility component activity 2 for ADP – moving around.
Commentary: In the unpublished case CPIP/2377/2015 the effects of pain, its severity and frequency, and the extent of any rests, are all noted as relevant to the question of whether a claimant can complete a moving around descriptor ‘to an acceptable standard’. The effects of pain are also considered in  UKUT 326 (AAC) where Judge Markus holds that even if someone may be able to carry out a moving around descriptor repeatedly and within a reasonable time, they still may not be able to complete it ‘to an acceptable standard’ if they do so with difficulties such as pain or breathlessness.
In  UKUT 612 (AAC), Judge Mitchell finds a literal reading of descriptor 2(c) is appropriate so that if a person can walk more than 20 metres but no more than 50 metres unaided, whether or not the person can move further, even a lot further with a walking aid, they should satisfy the descriptor. However, in  UKUT 529 (AAC) and  UKUT 501 (AAC), Judge Hemingway and Judge Markus respectively reach the opposite conclusion holding that if a person can walk more than 50 metres with an aid they will not satisfy descriptor 2(c). | Add commentary or suggest an edit.
Exceptions to the ‘age 65 cut-off rules’ for changes to PIP entitlement that can enable a new mobility component award after a person reaches 65 years of age
-  UKUT 97 (AAC)
Whether new evidence about the distance a claimant covered when walking is admissible in an Upper Tribunal appeal in circumstances where a First-tier Tribunal incorrectly assessed that distance
-  UKUT 35 (AAC)
Consideration of eligibility for mobility component where claimant had history of some walking at airports when travelling to and from the UK
-  UKUT 343 (AAC)
Mobility component of PIP is a special non-contributory cash benefit for the purposes of Regulation (EC) 883/2004
-  UKUT 238 (AAC)
A tribunal is not always required to give reasons in DLA to PIP transfer cases if PIP decision appears to be inconsistent with DLA decision
-  UKUT 314 (AAC)
Limits of tribunal’s inquisitorial role when assessing prescribed medication / mobility activity 2 and requirement to consider reasonable wishes of claimant to move around
-  UKUT 154 (AAC)
Any walking which is slow but nevertheless carried out within a ‘reasonable time period’ should not be taken into account when applying the ‘acceptable standard’ criteria
-  UKUT 545 (AAC)
A bed is unlikely to amount to an aid for dressing and undressing / mobility descriptor 2(c) and ability to walk more than 50 metres with walking aids
-  UKUT 501 (AAC)
Ability to mobilise to ‘an acceptable standard’ must include an assessment of the effects of pain
-  UKUT 326 (AAC)
Effect of pauses and halts on ability to move around when applying PIP mobility descriptors
-  UKUT 261 (AAC)
Ability to ‘move around’ relates to normal out of doors surface - including kerbs and reasonably flat pavements
-  UKUT 240 (AAC)
- Somatic symptoms can fall within activity 2 (moving around)
-  UKUT 146 (AAC)
Aids and appliances do not apply to mobility descriptor 2(c) / No requirement to consider ability to move with aids beyond 50m
-  UKUT 612 (AAC)
- Asthma inhaler is not an aid for the purposes of mobility activity 2
-  UKUT 547 (AAC)
- Relationship of descriptor 2(c) to the other moving around descriptors
-  UKUT 529 (AAC)