Hearing impairment is the result of sound signals not reaching the brain. There are two main types of hearing loss, depending on where the problem lies: sensorineural hearing loss, caused by damage to the sensitive hair cells inside the inner ear or damage to the auditory nerve; and conductive hearing loss, when sounds are unable to pass from the outer ear to the inner ear.
Note: Although disablement must be caused by a physical or mental health condition, it is the needs and difficulties that result which will determine entitlement rather than the condition itself. As a result, whilst the case law below may be of assistance, it will be important to also look at the case law relating to the activities and issues that affect you too.
Commentary: Whilst we don't yet have any commentary in relation to the case law items below, we'd love to hear from you if you'd like to contribute. Send us a suggestion and we’d be happy to incorporate it here. | Add commentary or suggest an edit.
Reading and understanding written information when BSL is the claimant’s primary means of communication
-  UKUT 95 (AAC)
Policy intent to ignore lip reading in PIP activity 7 needs to be publicly acknowledged pending any regulation change
-  UKUT 429 (AAC)
Risk of harm need not be ‘more likely than not’ when assessing safety under regulation 4 and need for supervision
-  UKUT 105 (AAC)
Ability to communicate by text is not relevant to PIP activity 7 / disability should be assessed in the context of normal daily life and not a self-imposed sheltered version
-  UKUT 101 (AAC)
‘Communication support’ in connection with hearing loss can be provided by family and friends and is not limited to help from sign language interpreters
-  UKUT 550 (AAC)
- Overlap between ‘communication support’ (descriptor 7(c)) and ‘social support’ (descriptor 9(c))
-  UKUT 160 (AAC)